The latest report from UN Climate Change reveals that current national climate action plans fall short of limiting global temperature rise to 1.5°C, as mandated by the Paris Agreement. Despite incremental efforts by some nations, the report underscores the urgent need for substantial action to redirect the trajectory of global emissions and avert the catastrophic consequences of climate change. Simon Stiell, Executive-Secretary of UN Climate Change, said: “Today’s report shows that governments combined are taking baby steps to avert the climate crisis. And it shows why governments must make bold strides forward at COP28 in Dubai, to get on track.” The report stresses the critical role of COP28 as a turning point, where nations must not only commit to stronger climate actions but also provide tangible plans for implementation. Stiell highlighted the significance of the first Global Stocktake at COP28, urging nations to use this opportunity to accelerate their efforts and meet the goals of the Paris Agreement. Dr Sultan Al Jaber, COP28 President Designate, said: “COP28 must be a historic turning point in this critical decade for Parties to seize the moment of the Global Stocktake to commit to raising their ambition and to unite, act and deliver outcomes that keep 1.5°C within reach, while leaving no one behind.” The report also analysed the nationally determined contributions (NDCs) of 195 Parties, revealing that, if current NDCs are implemented, emissions will still increase by about 8.8% compared to 2010 levels. To achieve the necessary emissions peak before 2030, the report underscores the need for enhanced financial resources, technology transfer, and global cooperation. A second report on long-term low-emission development strategies indicated progress toward net zero emissions but warned of uncertainties and delays in critical actions.