Food security depends on plant-based innovation and alternative proteins, explain SustainFinance Founding Partner Kübra Koldemir and VegTech Invest CEO Elysabeth Alfano.
Food is not only nourishing and vital for our survival, it also conjures up some of our most cherished memories. As the world contemplates food insecurity issues brought on by climate change, our inefficient food supply system and political tensions, investing in a secure food future resonates with all of us, governments and individuals alike.
In addition to the devastation of war, Russia’s invasion of Ukraine – the world’s leading producer of sunflower seeds, the sixth largest producer of corn, and the ninth largest producer of wheat and soy – shows us that our food supply systems are fragile.
Food instability isn’t just a product of war. The Middle East, Singapore, China, and parts of Africa currently experience food insecurity. With valuable resources like water in short supply and world angst at an all-time high, it is understandable that many countries would like to maintain a self-sufficient food supply and mitigate their food insecurity risk. Covid-19 and its impact on supply chains has underscored the same need.
This is why governments worldwide are investing in alternative proteins that require less land, water and time to produce than meat and dairy, while emitting fewer greenhouse gases and addressing several key food security issues. To build more robust food supply systems, Israel, Canada, the European Union, Singapore, and China are all putting money into alternative proteins: plant-based, cell-based, and precision fermentation technologies for developing food products.
A global consensus
With the UN projecting the global population to grow from 7.7 billion people to 9.7 billion people by 2050, many countries have begun planning for more mouths to feed and a more efficient, nutritious, faster, and prolific way to feed them. Investing in research into resource-saving technologies such as plant-based innovations, precision and bio-mass fermentation, and cellular agriculture is a path to food security. Canada, for example, announced that it will invest C$100 million in its plant-based industry. The European Union announced it would invest €10 billion in a green transition programme focusing on plant-based proteins.
For countries that naturally have food insecurity issues, finding a more efficient way to produce food is a strategic imperative. Singapore can only produce 10% of its food and imports the rest. Because its food supply chain is very susceptible to pandemics and regional political squabbles, Singapore is emerging as the Asian food tech capital, investing US$72 billion in its ’30 by 30’ plan to produce 30% of its nutritional needs locally by 2030. Of note, Singapore made history when, on 2 December 2020, it became the first country in the world to give regulatory approval for the sale of cell-based meat by Eat Just, Inc.’s Good Meat.
Israel is also taking a global leadership role in alternative proteins and plant-based innovation. Former Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has directed government officials to appoint a body to support these innovation industries by connecting key stakeholders operating in this field, including but not limited to universities, government agencies and entrepreneurs. According to the Good Food Institute, the Israel Innovation Authority announced its plan to allot a portion of a US$69 million investment to a cultivated meat consortium composed of companies and research institutions.
The Netherlands, too, is championing the advancement of cultivated meat. A leader in food innovation and home to Most Meat, the first company to debut a cultivated meat burger, the Netherlands has just pledged €60 million to develop a cellular agriculture ecosystem.
Food and water security is political legitimacy
As noted by Reuters, in China, “Food security has long been regarded as a major source of political legitimacy for the ruling Communist Party.” But China’s arable land is shrinking, making the country increasingly dependent on the rest of the world to feed its 1.4 billion people.
China has committed to a 50% reduction in meat consumption and supports foreign and local investment in plant-based alternatives and even microalgae. Even while at the same time, it is also encouraging foreign investment in livestock and poultry breeding. Most recently, China’s five-year agricultural plan called for cultivated meat.
With national security and political strength in mind, US Congressmen Ro Khanna and Raja Krishnamoorthi are proposing the Security of the Economy, Climate, and other US interests with Recent and Existing Food Alternatives (SECURE Food) Act. Further, there may be a first-ever White House action plan for global water security brewing, according to Axios, because “External conflicts over water pose a threat to national security, as well as international relations.”
According to Thomas Schumann of Thomas Schumann Capital, “Water security is the single-largest impact investment opportunity in the history of mankind.” Roughly 40% of the world’s population is affected by water scarcity, much of which is linked to animal agriculture using 29% of the world’s freshwater supply.
No time to waste
With a growing global population, global warming, and dwindling resources, we are all in a race for food and water. With fewer countries potentially less willing or able to share or trade food in the future, the food supply may soon become a geopolitical issue and an environmental and health issue. Ultimately, it is possible to foresee that wars will be fought over food and water, as is the case with Syria, and true geopolitical power will be held by those who control the global supplies. This hits home for governments and individuals alike.
From Covid-19 to war and rampant inflation, it’s no wonder many around the globe have been uncertain and fearful about the next steps, particularly when it comes to investing. Impact investing is a way to align one’s dollars with one’s vision and values for the present and future. Investing in plant-based innovation and alternative proteins allows asset owners to invest in a way that is meaningful with outcomes visible well within their beneficiaries’ lifetimes.
As this investment sector grows along with the shift of the food supply system to be more sustainable and efficient, so will the capital that aligns with this early-stage secular trend.
We have no time to waste. To quote the recent IPCC report, “It’s now or never.”